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What is a stroke? How to avoid

A sudden loss of brain function is called a stroke in medical parlance. Since most patients with stroke also have paralysis, this disease is also referred to as paralysis, paralysis, paralysis etc.

Stroke is currently the second leading cause of death in hospital intensive care unit (ICU) admissions and is the leading cause of disability worldwide. According to the latest figures released by the World Health Organization, more than 15 million people worldwide suffer a stroke each year.

Out of which 5 million people are forced to die due to this disease and 5 million are disabled. Of the remaining 5 million, 1.5 million are able to return to normal life after treatment and rehabilitation, while 3.5 million people are living with a general disability.

According to a study conducted in Nepal, one and a half to two percent of the total population suffers from stroke every year. Of these, one-third die, one-third are forced to live with disabilities, and one-third can return to active life after receiving timely treatment.

What is a cerebral palsy?

The main cause of this problem is related to the blood circulation in the brain, which can lead to unexpected upheaval, immediate death and most of the survivors are disabled, dependent and dependent. Cerebral palsy is a condition in which the arteries that supply blood to the brain rupture and bleed or the blood vessels clot inside the blood vessels or the blood vessels become blocked due to lack of supply of nutrients and oxygen to the nerve tissue.

The brain is the central control room of our body and is also the processing unit of all mental activities. Problems related to the body, mind, and emotions appear in survivors or survivors when the nerve fibers destroyed during a brain injury fail to function properly.

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World Stroke Day, celebrated since 1990 under the auspices of the European Stroke Organization, was recognized by the World Stroke Conference in Vancouver, Canada in 2004. Since then, under the leadership of the World Health Organization, October 29 has been celebrated worldwide as World Brainwashing Day.

Who gets a stroke?

People over 50 years of age, high blood pressure, diabetes, high cholesterol and when to take medication for these diseases, when to quit, living a very busy lifestyle, stress, anxiety, depression, heart and circulatory problems, such as atrial-freelance, atherosclerosis, diphtheria People with thrombosis, aneurysms, and chronic migraines have a higher risk of stroke.

In addition, hemorrhagic problems such as hemorrhage or intravenous hemorrhage, women taking birth control pills, women with a family history of cerebral palsy, people with type ‘A’ personality, recent or chronic brain infections are more likely to have a stroke. .

These are the symptoms

Sudden unbearable headaches, dizziness, loss of balance, tingling on one side of the body, drowsiness or weakness, loss of consciousness, sudden blurred or closed vision, slurred speech or inability to speak, sweating, vomiting, etc. Symptoms of cerebral palsy.

As the brain injury is an emergency, the patient can be rushed to the hospital as soon as the above mentioned symptoms appear, so much can be saved or the disability can be reduced. A team of neurologists is needed to deal with an emergency in a brain injury, and radiologists and pathologists have a similar role to play.

Radiation diagnostic methods such as CT scan, MRI, transcranial doppler, carotid doppler are used to determine the nature, type and location of the lesion, while blood tests can be used to determine the cause of the disease. Intensive care unit is essential for emergency management. Once the nature and cause of the injury are known, the treatment is started by medicine or operation depending on the danger situation.

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Problems after a brain injury

Even after intensive and emergency treatment, 15 percent of the patients could not be saved. Of the survivors, 10 percent are completely safe, while 75 percent have disabilities such as normal, moderate, dependent, and need for continuous medical care. Depending on the condition of the nerve center traumatized by the brain injury and the nature of the brain damage, various physical and mental disorders appear, of which paralysis is the main one.

Other problems include tingling in the hands, feet or face, heaviness or weakness, difficulty in chewing, swallowing and tasting, loss of sensory sensations, blurred vision or blurred vision, mood swings, changes in memory, concentration or level of consciousness. Problems such as being emotionally weak can occur.

Treatment of stroke

Recently, in the treatment of cerebral palsy, thrombolysis (tissue plasminogen activator) has been used all over the world to open the blockage of blood vessels by rupturing the clots of clotted blood. Some hospitals, including Grandi International Hospital, have been providing thrombolysis treatment services in Nepal as well.

After emergency treatment, the risk of a stroke should not be recurred, the risk should be identified and the medication should be taken regularly according to the doctor’s advice. At the right time

If established, the patient can be given a standard of living by reducing the disability and avoiding dependency by removing the difficulties of daily life.

Rehabilitation is also a collective effort of physicians, physiotherapists, nursing staff, speech therapists, psychologists, yoga teachers, family members and colleagues.

Depending on the condition, such as exercise therapy, electrotherapy and speech therapy, you may need to start at the intensive care unit. People with paralysis should not be kept at home thinking that they will never recover, they should be taken to a rehabilitation center as soon as possible and treated.

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At the center, physicians examine the patient’s entire condition, assess the disability caused by the brain injury, and use a variety of therapies and methods to treat it. These include active and passive exercises, PNF exercises, muscle stimulation, oil massage, acupuncture, gate-training, psychotherapy, speech therapy, defecation therapy, and nursing care.

This is how it can be avoided

1. After reaching the age of 40, let’s get regular check-ups for blood pressure, diabetes and cholesterol. If it is found to be a risk, we should take medicine or change the lifestyle according to the doctor’s advice to control it. Even if these diseases are controlled by taking medicine, let’s not stop taking medicine on our own.
2. Avoid smoking, alcohol, tobacco and drugs.
3. Control your body weight according to your height.
4. Get in the habit of regular light exercise. However, you should not forget to exercise hard because you are at risk.
5. Let’s give preference to healthy food especially coarse fat food, green vegetables, fruits, fiber and bran rich food. Eat less greasy foods like oil, ghee, fat. Be sure to include foods rich in vitamin E in your diet.
6. Let’s get rid of stress, let’s relax, let’s control emotions, let’s have a risky lifestyle and personality, let’s simplify it.
7. Physical problems such as cerebral palsy, coronary heart disease, heart and circulatory diseases, such as atrial fibrillation, atherosclerosis, deep thrombosis, aneurysm, and left ventricular dilatation need to be addressed in a timely manner.

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